Amnesty International continues to receive reports about torture and
ill-treatment in Georgia. Many cases still do not come to light because
police cover up their crimes and detainees are often afraid to complain or
identify the perpetrators for fear of repercussions. Amnesty International
voiced its concerns as it launched its report, Georgia: Torture and
ill-treatment -- still a concern after the "Rose Revolution", on the second
anniversary of the events which brought a new government to power.
"The government should keep the eradication of torture and ill-treatment on
its agenda as a priority issue. While important steps have been taken, the
government still has a long way to go. A long-term approach is needed to
achieve lasting results," Anna Sunder-Plassmann, Amnesty International's
researcher on Georgia said.
The methods used to torture or ill-treat detainees, as indicated in reports
received by Amnesty International since the "Rose Revolution", include
electric shocks; putting plastic bags over the head of a detainee;
suspending a detainee from a pole between two tables; cigarette and candle
burns; placing the barrel of a gun in a detainee’s mouth threatening to
shoot; threats to beat the detainee’s family; gagging the detainee with a
piece of cloth so they cannot shout; beatings, including with truncheons and
butts of guns, and kicking.
Eldar Konenishvili, reportedly beaten by police and currently serving a
prison term in Tbilisi, told Amnesty International:
"The police officers started to beat me. They took the leg of a chair and
hit me on the fingers of my left hand. During the beatings another police
officer and a procurator entered and started to accuse me of a murder. One
of the officers threatened to beat my wife, mother and children unless I
confessed to the murder. During the beatings I lost consciousness several
times. Blood was coming from my mouth and I couldn’t see properly. I had
difficulties moving... I did not ask for a doctor at first because I was
There have been severe shortcomings in the implementation of legal
safeguards aimed at preventing torture and ill-treatment.
"The authorities should now concentrate on the implementation of legal
safeguards. Any allegations that safeguards were violated should be taken
seriously, and promptly and impartially investigated." Anna Sunder-Plassmann
"Impunity for torture and ill-treatment is still a big problem. In dozens of
cases where the procuracy has opened investigations the perpetrators have
not been brought to justice. Amnesty International has obtained many
examples of cases demonstrating that investigations into allegations of
torture or ill-treatment have not been conducted in a prompt, impartial and
In order to move forward, Amnesty International urges the authorities to
implement a series of recommendations including the following:
Set up a body independent of the police, procuracy and the justice system to
carry out a detailed review of investigations conducted by law enforcement
officers into allegations of torture and ill-treatment and of judicial
proceedings in such cases. The body should be provided with authority to
present its findings, make recommendations to the relevant authorities, and
have powers to issue a public report.
Investigate all allegations of torture or ill-treatment in a prompt,
thorough and impartial manner, including by interviewing the victim and any
Conduct prompt specialist medical examinations in all cases where torture or
ill-treatment -- including ill-treatment of predominantly psychological
nature -- have been alleged.
Pay special attention to ending torture and ill-treatment in the regions of
Georgia outside the capital since many programmes have so far focused only
on the capital, Tbilisi.
Prohibit the use of masks or other means of disguising officers’ personal
identities. Only make exceptions if such measures are necessary for the
personal protection or security of the officers concerned or similar reasons
In such cases the need for each officer, including the special police unit,
to be identifiable by such means as a unique traceable identification number
is particularly important.
Georgia is a party to a number of international human rights treaties
setting out measures to be taken by states to prevent torture and other
ill-treatment by public officials; to conduct appropriate investigations
into allegations; and to provide reparation.
When the government came to power following the "Rose Revolution" in
November 2003 it inherited a system in which torture and ill-treatment were
widespread and perpetrators routinely went unpunished. In the months after
the change of government the situation apparently deteriorated. However, in
the second half of the last year the government acknowledged the need to
tackle the issue of torture and ill-treatment.
The fight against torture and ill-treatment is currently one of the key
issues on the new government’s agenda with regard to human rights. In recent
months the Georgian authorities have introduced or implemented a number of
measures in response to ongoing reports of torture and ill-treatment. Ten
police officers sentenced since the "Rose Revolution" are believed to be
serving prison terms in connection with crimes amounting to torture or
ill-treatment. Extensive monitoring has been carried out under the auspices
of the Ombudsman and a number of legal safeguards have been strengthened.
The government’s human rights record is mixed. While positive steps have been made in some areas of human rights protection, Amnesty International has become increasingly concerned about pressure on the judiciary by the procuracy and other government authorities, allegations of government interference with freedom of the media in particular in relation to television, and allegations that police continued to fabricate criminal cases in numerous instances, in particular on drug-related charges. The organization is also concerned that while several perpetrators of violent attacks on religious minorities that took place in recent years have been brought to justice, hundreds continue to enjoy impunity. Other concerns include the continued risk of extradition or forcible return of people to countries where they are at risk of serious human rights violations such as torture. Many issues also remain unresolved in connection with the internationally unrecognized breakaway areas of South Ossetia and Abkhazia.